Monitoring Programme for the Maasvlakte 2, Part III - The Effects of Underwater Sound
Monitoring Programme for the Maasvlakte 2, Part III – The Effects of Underwater Sound

TNO’s acoustic surveys of dredgers during all phases of the dredging cycle showed that permanent hearing threshold shift was not exceeded in any cases studied or in any species in question.

Innovative Design, Techniques and Equipment at Maasvlakte 2, Port of Rotterdam
Innovative Design, Techniques and Equipment at Maasvlakte 2, Port of Rotterdam

To meet the demands of this massive extension, engineers had to think out of the box – utilising Pleistocene sand, recycling rock from an old block dam and inventing new equipment and survey systems.

The Monitoring Programme for the Maasvlakte 2 Construction at the Port of Rotterdam – Part II
The Monitoring Programme for the Maasvlakte 2 Construction at the Port of Rotterdam – Part II

Given the inter-dependence of the underwater food chain from benthic fauna and algae to shells, worms, fish and birds, a new modelling strategy was instituted to evaluate the effects of enhanced silt concentrations during dredging.

The Monitoring Programme for the Maasvlakte 2 Construction at the Port of Rotterdam
The Monitoring Programme for the Maasvlakte 2 Construction at the Port of Rotterdam

Compliance for permitting was not enough for the monitoring team at the Port of Rotterdam. When they discovered gaps in scientific knowledge, they initiated more research.

Maasvlakte 2: An Innovative Contractual and Systems Engineering Approach
Maasvlakte 2: An Innovative Contractual and Systems Engineering Approach

This complex mega infrastructure project demanded an imaginative approach from the start, resulting in a transparent Design Construct and Maintenance (DCM) contract.

A Probabilistic Analysis of the Ecological Effects of Sand Mining for Maasvlakte 2
A Probabilistic Analysis of the Ecological Effects of Sand Mining for Maasvlakte 2

Lessons learnt when planning the construction of the new Rotterdam port extension about the uncertainties of environmental effects on a Natura 2000 site may be applicable to other situations.