2003, softcover, 58 pp., PIANC, ISBN: 2-87223-138-2 Up-to-date information on the design and construction of berm breakwaters. Manuals and guidelines for different types of breakwaters and coastal structures have been issued before this time, e.g. the Shore Protection Manual (1984), CIRIA/CUR (1991), CUR (1995), and PIANC (1992). The types of breakwaters treated in these manuals and reports have mainly been conventio
Finally, after 200 years, the breakwater at Poti on the Black Sea has been repaired in a way that will reduce the need for maintenance and limit the port’s down-time.