State-of-the-Art of Designing and Constructing Berm Breakwaters
State-of-the-Art of Designing and Constructing Berm Breakwaters

2003, softcover, 58 pp., PIANC, ISBN: 2-87223-138-2 Up-to-date information on the design and construction of berm breakwaters. Manuals and guidelines for different types of breakwaters and coastal structures have been issued before this time, e.g. the Shore Protection Manual (1984), CIRIA/CUR (1991), CUR (1995), and PIANC (1992). The types of breakwaters treated in these manuals […]

Kazakhstan, Offshore Exploration in the Caspian Sea
Kazakhstan, Offshore Exploration in the Caspian Sea

The real challenges of building underwater berms in the Caspian Sea were the sensitive environment, a harsh climate, complex local regulations and deep cultural differences