Density
Density

The density of a soil influences the stability of a land fill and should be carefully measured in relation to the ultimate purpose of the fill.

Estimating the Immeasurable: Soil Properties
Estimating the Immeasurable: Soil Properties

This IADC Award-winning paper tackles the problem that knowledge of soil properties is essential for an efficient excavation process, but measurement equipment is complex and expensive. Estimation methods using simulators may be the solution.