Reinforced soil – the quay wall structure for the future?

Steel and concrete are the most common materials used in quay wall structures. The application of these materials contributes to a high emission of greenhouse gasses such as CO2 and the materials make up a large part of the construction costs. This graduate research examines whether alternative quay wall structures have the potential to be more cost effective and more sustainable compared to conventional structures for inland ports. An innovative quay wall of reinforced soil was designed and quay elements implemented to make a quay wall structure. A comparison was then made based on the criteria costs and sustainability between the innovative quay design and two conventional quays.

The Rock Manual Edition 2007 – The use of rock in hydraulic engineering

This updated manual is a revision on the publications Manual on the use of rock in coastal and shoreline engineering (CIRIA, CUR, 1991) en C169 Manual on the use of rock in hydraulic engineering (CUR, RWS, 1995).